Active Viruses: a virus that goes into action right away.
AIDS/HIV: A diseases caused by a virus that attacks the immune system.
Algea: plantlike protists.
Analysis: Graphing data or doing calculations like range, median, and mode on data collected from an experiment.
Antibiotic: A chemical that kills bacteria or slows their growth without harming body cells.
Antibodies: An organism that a virus lives in or on
ATP: Form of energy made through cellular respiration in the mitochondria of the cell.
Bacteria: Single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus.
Cancer: A disease where some body cells divide uncontrollably.
Carbon Dioxide: Gas that is given out through cellular respiration. What animals (and humans) breath out.
Cell: The basic unit of structure and function in an organism.
Cell Cycle: Regular steps that the cell goes through for growth and division.
Cell Membrane: A cell part that controls what goes in and out of a cell.
Cell Theory: Widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cells and living things.
Cell Wall: A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells of plants and some other organisms. Made of cellulose.
Cellular respiration: The process where cells break down simple food to release energy.
Cellulose: Nonliving material the Cell walls are made out of. It is a tough rigid material.
Chlorophyll: A green pigment found in the chloroplast of plants, algea, and some bacteria.
Chloroplast: A cell part in plant cells and some other organisms that captures energy from sunlight to make food.
Chromosomes: Rods made out of DNA that carry genetic information.
little hairs that move with a wavelike motion to move protozoan.
Communicable: A type of disease that spreads from person to person.
Eukaryote: A cell with a nucleus.
Endoplasmic Reticulum: cell part that carries proteins and other materials from one part of the cell to another.
Experiment Question: Question that has something to change/compare and measure that an experiment can be done to answer.
Flagellum: a single hairlike part for some bacteria and protists used for moving.
Function: They way something works or acts.
Fungi: A group of living things that absorbs energy from other living things. Includes mushrooms, yeasts, and molds.
Golgi Bodies: cell part that get proteins and other newly created materials from the Endoplasmic Reticulum, package them, and send the materials to other parts of the cell.
Hidden Viruses: Are not active right away.
Hooke, Robert: Scientist who in 1665 looked at a cork plant under a microscope and saw small compartments that looked like "cells."
Host: An organism that a virus or a parasite lives in or on
Leeuwenhoek, Anton van: Scientist who in the late 1600's looked put pond water under a microscope and discovered living one celled organisms.
Lens: Piece of glass that can bend light.
Lysosome: cell part that contains chemicals that break down materials in the cell.
Magnification/Magnify: To make something appear larger.
Microscope: A tool that scientists use to help them see cells and other objects that are too small to see with a naked eye.
Mitochondria: cell part that changed energy from food to energy for the cell.
Mitosis: Process cells use to make an exact copy. The way cells reproduce.
Non-Communicable: A type of disease that cannot be spread from a person who is sick to other people.
Nucleus: The nucleus controls all the cell's activity, its like the brain of the cell.
Objective: a lens or system of lenses in a microscope, telescope, etc., that forms an image of an object.
Oxygen: Gas in air that animals use for cellular respiration. Gas made by plants through photosynthesis.
Protists: Single celled organsim
Parasite: An organism that lives inside or one another organism and takes its food from that organism.
Pathogens: An organism that causes disease.
Photosynthesis: The process by which plants and some other organisms capture the energy in sunlight and use it to make food.
Prokaryote: A cell without a nucleus
Protein: Large organic molecule made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur.
Protozoan: Animal-like protists.
are temporary bulges of the cell which allows protist to move. "False Foot."
Ribosome: Like factories for making proteins.
Scientific Models: A way to show something that is too small, large, or difficult to show in real life.
Structure: The way something is made or put together.
Vaccine/Vaccination: A substance that protects a person from a disease, usually given as a shot.
Vacuole: storage areas for the cell.
Variable: Something you either change, measure, or keep the same in an experiment.
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces inside a living cell.